Essay writing is an intricate and elaborate writing which involves deep insight, subject knowledge and command over language. Writing an essay is both an art and a science as it necessitates a perfect style of writing, following the basic rules and norms of language, grammar, sentence composition and parallel to it, is an art of presenting ideas and thoughts in a coherent manner which makes a meaningful impression on the reader by its very relevant portrayal of thoughts over the topic. Science is a systemized body of knowledge. It relates to the facts and figures which can never be falsified and have universal applications. It comprises of an enriched subject matter which is tested, qualified and experimented over the years to give it a concrete form.
Essay writing revolves around two aspects of topic. One is the core element of the topic and the other is the relevance and the implication of the topic on the environment. The core of the topic relates to the scientific element of the essay writing. Any topic can be studied and interpreted well only if the basic facts and core elements are interpreted correctly. Writing an essay involves a wide spectrum of social, political, economic, anthropological, sociological psychological and demographic topics, which can be studied and interpreted only if the writer is knowledgeable about these subjects. Thus the element of science in essay writing lays down the important foundation, without which an essay would simply be an outer cover without much content and deep insight. Once the core issues are studied, the writer is tested on his/her writing skills.
This forms the 'art' element of essay writing, where personal experience, education, environment and thought process have great significance in writing an essay. Any topic can be comprehended in several different ways. This comprehension lies in the personal attitude of the writer. A topic could be interpreted in a sarcastic tone, thereby writing the essay in sarcasm would be the tone of the writer. Similarly if the writer has witnessed sorrow, pain, suffering, death and melancholy from close, the essay would surely have an outlook with a sympathetic gesture. Thus the treatment of the topic would surely depend upon the writer's intent and background, which becomes the 'art' of writing an essay in an impressive way so that the readers get inspired or moved by the writers words. Essay writing thus comprises both the elements of 'science' and 'art'.
On one hand it involves the scientific interpretation of the topic, necessitating a vast knowledge of the subject so that the essay conveys the intended message; on the other hand it involves an intricate element of "art" which gives a soul to the essay, by conveying the thoughts in such a way that the readers have a powerful impact and are forced to think over the criticality of the subject dealt with such poise, expertise and maturity.
If the essay would have purely written on the basis of facts it would simply have become a factual report without involving the human psyche to rethink over the subtle issues. It is only a perfect combination of art and science that can make an essay a meaningful composition.