Sunday, 31 May 2015

How to Use the Inverted Pyramid For Essay Writing

Those who have taken a journalism class have probably come across the "inverted pyramid" concept. Simply put, this refers to the style of news reporting which puts all the pertinent details at the top of the story. Right from the first paragraph, the reader gets to know the "who, where, when, what, why and how" of a story, with the remainder of the work serving to fill in the details.

While not a popular approach for writing class essays, this is actually a very valid structure. In fact, when students ask me to recommend simple essay formats, this is among the ones I suggest.

The inverted pyramid works great for different types of essays, from character profiles to descriptive essays to reviews. However, it is far from being the most creative approach. Neither will it make for the most compelling reading. For the most part, this is a great approach if you're short on time.

How so? News writers tend to write pieces very fast - that's because this structure lends itself very well to that. Because you've already spent the starting paragraphs filling in the general details, it saves you from having to introduce major elements in the body. As such, writing becomes very straightforward and factual. Pair it with a high-quality writing software and you're golden. Similarly, this also allows for faster editing. You can literally shave multiple sentences from the trunk down and retain the essence of the piece, since the pertinent details are all laid out at or near the head.

Saturday, 30 May 2015

Essay Writing Guidelines

Another bad score on an essay? You need help There are several things that a lot of writer overlook that are the main braking points in an essay. If you can learn how to improve these areas you will improve your grades. As you study through this section ask yourself: Which one of the common errors are holding you back? Then focus on improving that one first.

The first errors is in the foundation of the piece. If you do not have a topic worth five words then do not try to get five hundred words out of it. You need to get topic that are strong. Controversy is a good place to start here. Everyone likes to read a good debate. So if you choose a topic that will get the reader into the arguments you have successes.

The second error is to fail in supporting you main topic. Do not assume that everyone believes your idea. It is far better that you give too much evidence then to fail in giving sufficient evidence. If you suspect this is your problem. Be sure to include several reasons. This way you can cover you basis.

The tried errors is making an essay so complicated that it is like reading a foreign language. You just keep reading and have no idea what the writer was saying. A clear outline is a great benefit here. If you start with making an outline then you will know what comes next and keep all your ideas focused.

The fourth error. Is attempting to sell a essay on flowery writing alone. Flowery is fine if there is content with it. Something that is all flowers and no apples is a fine way to receive a poor grade. The main reason here is that too much flowers takes attention away from the topic.

The fifth error is not an error as such. There are some people who are just poor at using print to express there ideas. The best thing to to is to recognize this and then form a plan to learn the skills. A writing class may help and the grammar software available will greatly help you.

The reason is that these will give to confidence. And Make you grammar shine. This is important in the mean time until you develop into are great writer. You can overcome.

Friday, 29 May 2015

Motivating Yourself to Write - How to Get in an Essay Writing Mindset

Motivating yourself to start writing can for some be very difficult. If you know that you need to write an e-book and you want to get it written quickly then you really need to be in the right frame of mind. In this article I am going to discuss how you can do this.

Do you remember when you were at school and your teacher asked you to write an essay on a particular topic? If the topic was something that you knew a lot about and you were also interested in it, then you probably didn't struggle. However, if it was a topic that you knew nothing about and in all honesty you didn't really want to know anything about then writing that essay would be a huge challenge for you.

If you read that last paragraph again you will see that there are two key things that make writing an essay much easier.

So it goes without saying that if you are writing an e-book on a topic that you just don't have the knowledge on and you are not really that interested in it then you will probably never finish that book.

When your online business depends on you creating a book or writing material then you really need to understand that the particular niche you choose must be something that you have knowledge in and that you are passionate about.

Just having those two things in place makes it far easier when it comes to writing.

Your Mindset

So how do you get into the actual mindset of writing? One of the most things to do is to remove distractions. You need to decide that you are going to spend a certain amount of time writing and nothing is going to interrupt or stop you during that time period.
Take a sheet of paper and write down bullet points of the things that you want to cover. This really helps your mind to focus in on what is important for your e-book or essay and it enables your mind to slowly start working at bringing that information to the front of your mind.
When you come to write your e-book don't think of it as a whole e-book from start to finish. Instead break it down and think of it as a paragraph at a time. It is far easier to focus on one paragraph at a time than it is to focus on writing 30 pages for example.

Thursday, 28 May 2015

Improving Your Essay Writing

In theory, students around the country learn many of the skills needed for success in college during their high school years, including the ability to express themselves in the written word. In reality, thousands of students descend upon college campuses in need of remedial courses. According to a New York Times article published several years ago entitled "At 2-Year Colleges, Students Eager But Unprepared," only twenty-one percent of ACT exam takers applying to traditional four-year undergraduate institutions were ready for college work, a conclusion based on their scores in writing, reading, biology, and math.

If you're having trouble with your writing, there are simple steps you can take that can improve your essays.

By the time your introduction is over, whether it's one paragraph or two pages, the reader should know exactly what your paper is going to be about - the rest of the essay should include supporting facts and more detail, but the question should be answered in your thesis. Also keep in mind that the thesis can be longer than one sentence, should your essay require it. The body of the paper should be in the general format of claim, evidence, claim, evidence, to keep things clear.

The claim is the point you want to make, e.g. "the business was failing." The evidences are the supporting research that proves the point, statements like "the profits were falling, investors were losing interest, and employees were seeking other employment." If you can, avoid passive sentences: rather than stating "the ball was thrown," use active verbs with clear subjects - "Mike threw the ball."

Your conclusion should actually conclude your essay, with a quick restatement of the basic answer to the question and any relevant final thoughts you wish to share.

Keep in mind that this article is by no means exhaustive. If you're serious about changing the way you commit your thoughts to the page, seek help. If your school has academic services that include writing tutorials, take advantage of them. Visit your professors during office hours and see what tips they are able to offer you. If you have to, e-mail other professors from writing-intensive departments like History and English - you might be able to find one who is willing to sit down with you for an afternoon and help you improve. However you go about it, in the majority of fields for which a college degree is required, the inability to write is a deal-breaker, so start fixing that problem today.

Modupe Akinnawonu is a Blog Contributor at Examville is a global online education platform where users can connect and interact with others from around the world. Our innovative platform creates an open, virtual meeting place that allows for learning without borders. Examville facilitates online user-to-user collaborative learning at an affordable cost.

Wednesday, 27 May 2015

Article Writing How-to -- Including Counter-Arguments as part of your Essays

When writing essays, including a counter-argument is a great way to strengthen your whole piece (apart, of course, from employing a good writing software).  Instead of skirting what could potentially water down your position, you face it head on with your stance coming out unscathed. The result is an essay that is better thought-out and contains a more complete coverage of the surrounding issues.

Counter-Arguments Serve To Validate Your Piece

Though counter-arguments are not always required in college essays, adding them often leads to better results, as it shows diligence and a willingness to consider other facets of the subject.  In professional pieces, you may want to consider adding them in every time, to preempt lingering questions in your readers' minds.

Good counter-arguments offer a reasonable disagreement with the main idea you are pushing, which you'll then resolve within the body of the piece.  The result is an opinion that gets attacked, yet is able to keep itself intact.

Conceding Then Refuting

Rather than just presenting possible objections and leaving it at that, you'll have to find a way to show that your stance offers better value in spite of them.  If you don't, you'll leave your argument thin and largely devoid of impact.

An effective technique for presenting counter-arguments is to concede to its validity (as in, there is good reason for people to adopt it) and then to summarily refute it afterwards (as in, it's not the best option).  Done this way, you substantiate potential objections (as opposed to dismissing them) but also show how things can be handled in a better way.

Tuesday, 26 May 2015

Essay Writing Tips - How to Close With a Good Conclusion

Academic writing, unlike creative writing, generally follows a set formula, allowing for a clear structure to an essay to act as the backdrop to your argument(s). Often, your course guidelines or essay title will define this structure but it will generally involve an introduction, some background to the main arguments, perhaps through a literature review, some analysis and then a conclusion. Although all of these elements are important in their own right, many would consider that a good conclusion is the mark of a good essay. The reason for this is that all of the earlier elements such as the introduction, hypothesis and analysis, are all reiterated within the conclusion, making the conclusion the summary of all of your research, theorising and review.

In order to create a good conclusion therefore the first rule is to ensure that all of the contributing elements are sound. Structuring your conclusion around weak evidence or research will mean that you will not be able to conclude anything with any real conviction. Secondly, a good conclusion must be relatively succinct. It is not necessary to totally re-write earlier sections of your essay or dissertation, you should merely draw out the key facts, pulling them all together into a sensible order. And finally, your conclusion should definitely summarise something, even if that is just to say that from the work you have carried out to date it is impossible to conclude in favour of one theory or another. This type of uncertain conclusion should not be considered a weak conclusion, providing that all of the contributing evidence suggests that your conclusion is in fact the right one.

It is very often the case that with lower level academia, or early research pieces, academics will identify gaps in their research that would need to be addressed in further study thus leading to an 'inconclusive conclusion'. In the same way the author may identify flaws in the practical execution of data analysis, perhaps realising biased interview questions, or closed interview questions that do not allow for the appropriate responses to be obtained. If this is the case then results may be skewed or the writer may be unable to draw any sensible conclusions. As long as you are able to convey all of this information then your conclusion can still be classed as a good one. Clearly, however, the ideal situation is that all of your work leading up to the conclusion is robust enough to allow you to draw an evidence-based, definite conclusion that leans one way or another.

Once you have written your conclusion then you should check your entire essay for spelling and grammar mistakes, and that you have followed the required style and referencing guidelines throughout. And most importantly double-check that your conclusion really does conclude something!

Monday, 25 May 2015

How to Avoid Essay Writing Pitfalls When English Isn't Your First Language

English is one of the most common languages in the world. It is spoken across several countries including the United Kingdom, Canada, United States of America, New Zealand, Australia and parts of South America. However, it is also a language used worldwide in the tourist industry and in the world of business and commerce. It is no wonder therefore that so many individuals wish to learn how to write, speak and understand the English language, and why so many students choose to undertake their academic study in an English speaking country.

However, being sufficiently fluent in English that you can undertake fulltime or part time study of a subject of any nature within an English speaking country is no mean feat! Whilst you may feel that your grasp of the English language is sufficient for you to get by on campus, make friends, interact and participate in your classes and even hold down a job, when it comes to writing English, there are lots of errors and areas for concern that individuals whose second language is English need to be aware of, and do their best to avoid. Unfortunately, proofreading errors and editing errors plague even the brightest native English speaking individual and affect their marks. So achieving strong coursework or essay marks on the proofreading front is particularly challenging for those students who have English as a second language.

Students for whom English is a second language find that they not only have to worry about what to write in their essays and coursework, but they also have to think about how to write it. It almost doesn't matter how long you have been studying English and how fluent you think you may be in conversing in the language, when it comes to writing down the language, nothing is ever as comfortable as your native lingo.

So, what are the key things to consider as a non-native English speaker when writing an essay in English?

- The language needs to be sufficiently complex and academic in style. There is most definitely a distinction between the language you use when writing blog posts, letters, emails and when generally chatting to others and the language you use when writing an academic piece. Academic language is complex, not simple, and this can be a difficult concept to grasp for everyone, not just those for whom English is their second language.

- Sentences are constructed backwards in comparison to most European languages. So adjectives go before the noun in English, not the other way around as is the case in most languages derived from Latin.

- Spellings are different for words that sound the same depending on their meaning; such as 'Their' and 'There'.

- Quotations are now usually reported within single quotation marks as opposed to double speech marks.

- There are two particularly common referencing styles used by English speaking Universities or Educational bodies. These are the Harvard Referencing Style and the Oxford or Cambridge Referencing Style. You should always check with your tutor to find out which type of referencing style you are expected to use in your essays, but if in doubt, remember that these two referencing styles are most likely to be accepted by English speaking Universities.

Sunday, 24 May 2015

Common Essay Writing Pitfalls

Even when armed with a powerful grammar correction software, your essay might require you to do extra work in order to get really high marks. Don't worry, it's not that big a deal - especially when you know what you're looking for.

The following things are the most common pitfalls that student essays exhibit:

1. Poor thesis statements. With a weak thesis statement, you've already shot yourself in the foot before you've even started. A good thesis statement focuses on a single main idea and states it clearly with no chance for misinterpretation. Do you have that?

2. Weak introductions and open-ended conclusions. Like watching a movie, the beginning and the end can define how you feel about an essay. Failing to write a strong introduction and a definite conclusion is a guaranteed way to turn off whoever's reading.

3. Insufficient arguments. When your arguments are insufficient, you leave yourself with an underdeveloped essay. To avoid, make sure you choose strong points to argue, backing it up with concrete evidence and impeccable reasoning. Explain your interpretations clearly to drive your point across.

4. Poor structure. Make sure you plan out how to develop the essay. Most of the time, weak essays are the result of the wrong organization structure. Gather your notes from the onset and decide how to best present them by imagining how the sequence develops your ideas.

5. Incredibly boring. "Hey, not all of us can be engaging writers," I'm already hearing some people say. Sure, I accept that. However, all of us can write clearly with some amount of color. Go for that. Most of the good writing software actually help out on this end.

Saturday, 23 May 2015

The 5 C's of Argumentative Essay Writing: How to Create a Great Argument

To help my college writing students understand the attitude needed for creating a strong argumentative essay, I invented the "5 C's" device, which emphasizes clarity, candor, confidence, control, and comprehension.

Clarity. Be direct and straightforward in your argumentative writing. Directness results in clarity. Use your own language, plainly and accurately. Never use words of which you don't know the exact meaning. Avoid tortured or overstuffed sentences always. Don't waste time getting straight to the point. Don't keep your audience in suspense; suspense is for mystery novels, not for argumentative essays.

Candor. Make it your mission to be honest with your readers. Give readers something they can actually use in the real world: hard-won advice, useful facts that you've discovered, a careful description of problems, and actionable solutions to those problems. Level with your readers about important information that less courageous writers would rather not write about.

Confidence. Be both calm and firm about the rightness of your argument. Don't demand that readers agree with you; ironically, such an approach shows lack of confidence. Invite readers to agree with you and congratulate them for choosing your firm side. Acknowledge opposing points of view, but refute them immediately and resolutely. Read classic writers who argue with calm confidence, whether or not you agree with them, such as Machiavelli in The Prince, and steal their attitudes.

Control. A) Don't get distracted or go off track. Deploy the power of understatement. A strong argument has more impact when discussed matter-of-factly than when screamed or shouted. Don't quote others excessively. Always retain the first word and last word of every paragraph for yourself. B) Balance the structure of your essay. Each section of the essay should have a specific role. When it fulfills that role, move on. Avoid overly long paragraphs generally; especially avoid overly long first and last paragraphs. To prevent an overloaded beginning that merely confuses readers, avoid explaining yourself in the first paragraph. Dare your readers to be interested in the rest of your essay beyond the beginning. Let your first paragraph establish your topic and your thesis only, and move swiftly to the middle paragraphs where all your explaining should happen.

Comprehension. Whatever your topic, proactively show readers that you understand it well. Be both a helpful guide through complex issues and an informed judge when choices must be made. Cover your territory fully and give readers information that they're not likely to know. Generous sharing of useful, real-world knowledge is the fastest way to establish trust with your audience. Never forget the ultimate goal, which is to contribute your wisdom freely and help your readers sincerely.

Marc Briggs has been teaching college English courses for 25 years and has helped literally thousands of students improve their writing skills. He can help you with your writing project, too! His ghostwriting and editing services are available. No project is too large or too small. Visit or drop Marc a message at Follow him on Twitter at @marcbriggs.

Friday, 22 May 2015

Understanding Essay Writing for College Applications

Writing an essay when you are applying to a college is one of the most stressful, yet important things with your application. Many colleges require an essay with your application, or they will not even look at. Top colleges and Ivy League universities require two and three essays with your application. There are colleges however that only work off of your high school transcript and SAT scores.

If you're applying to attend colleges, then you can bet on a minimum of six of those will require an application. When you sit down to write the application it is very easy to go blank and not write anything. Many students become very nervous and anxious at this point. You do not know what to say or what they want to hear. You do not want to write anything that will hurt your chances of getting admitted, especially if it is your top choice college.

Many colleges will assign a topic for the essay that they want you to write about. Some colleges will even offer you a list of topics for you to choose from. Some colleges will just give you a general suggestion to write about. Last, but not least, there are colleges that just require you to turn in an essay. They want to see what you, the student, can be creative and come up with to write about.

If you're stuck and have to choose something to write about, then choose something that was a meaningful lesson learned in your life. You may remember your kindergarten teacher helping you learn how to do basic addition problems. You may remember your first grade teacher helping you learn how to read. You may remember a time when you volunteered at a hospital more recently that you put a smile on an elderly person's face. There are many different things you can write about, just make sure it is something you are passionate about and not just some boring, dull subject.

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Thursday, 21 May 2015

Best IELTS Essay Writing Strategy

Recently a student asked me, "What is the best IELTS essay planning strategy?" I was so pleased to hear this question because it meant that this student understood the importance of planning before answering an IELTS Writing question and didn't want to just 'throw his ideas onto the page.'

For all types of IELTS Writing tasks, both Task 1 and Task 2, academic or general, it is important to be aware of the following:

effective preparation
effective planning
appropriate style
appropriate tone
correct structure and format (i.e. make sure your letter 'looks like a letter' or your report 'looks like a report'.
In this post I'd like to introduce you to what I think is the best IELTS writing procedure.


(prepare, prepare, prepare; I've just said it three times because that's how important I think it is!)

1. Read the task question very carefully.

While you are reading the question, you should ask yourself the following questions:

What exactly do I have to write about?
What style (formal or informal) and tone (informative or complaining etc?) do I need?
2. Brainstorm and make notes of your ideas.

Here you are trying to think of the maximum number of ideas you have that relate to the task (make sure they're relevant!). You should write these notes on the question paper, rather than the answer sheet, so then you know that they examiner will not read them as part of your answer.

3. Plan your essay

Here you need to select the ideas that you're going to use, decide which are the most important and group them so that your essay has a structure and isn't just a fragmented catalogue of ideas.

I find a lot of students are concerned about 'wasting time' on planning. In the IELTS Writing test, do NOT glance at anyone else in the room and panic because they appear to be writing their answer and you're making notes. There are two reasons for this;

never look at other people in an exam, you don't want to look as if you're trying to cheat
we're trying to use our planning strategy to get the best IELTS Writing score possible; it's not a race to see who can write the most quickly!
That said, it's important to be aware of time in the IELTS Writing test. You have 20 minutes for Task 1 so I suggest you spend maximum 5 minutes on the preparation stage. You have 40 minutes for the longer Task 2 so I suggest you spend maximum 10 minutes on the preparation stage.


4. Write your essay on your answer sheet, following the plan you wrote in the preparation stage

Make sure your handwriting is legible. Although you can choose whether to write in pen or pencil, I usually recommend that my students write their IELTS Writing answers in pencil; much neater if you change and correct things.

I usually recommend that this stage takes about 10 minutes for IELTS Writing Task 1 and 20 minutes for IELTS Writing Task 2. (You need to leave some time for the next stage; approximately 5 minutes for Task 1 and 10 minutes for Task 2).


5. Here the aim is to check that you've written the best IELTS Writing answer you can. You're going to review and improve your work.

Here's what you should be checking at this stage:

make sure you've answered the task fully (all aspects of the task)
check that your style and tone are appropriate and consistent (e.g. NOT, Dear Sir,............'Hi, how are ya doin?'!
make sure your paragraphing is clear and logical
all your supporting points are relevant to your answer to the task.
look for grammar and spelling mistakes.
Finally don't forget that IELTS Writing Task 1 needs to be at least 150 words and IELTS Writing Task 2 needs to be 250 words.

These word counts are good guidelines. In my opinion, Writing Task 1 answers should be somewhere between 150 and 180 words, Writing Task 2 answers should be somewhere between 250 and 300 words.

Here's to the best IELTS score possible!

Wednesday, 20 May 2015

The Basics of Argumentative Essay Writing

Think of topic relating to aspects such as abortion, homosexuality or death sentence. The basic thing about what you intend to write on is that it should in itself bring in some argument. If a topic is decided for you or you are to decide on topic, there should be nothing different. What you need is to have all the materials that are needed to buttress your facts and support your evidence.

You should start by letting the reader know what you hold as true about the topic. It will also be good if the readers know what is generally thought about the topic. This should be stated in one statement. In writing this statement, you should also know that it needs to generate so much argument in the same way as was reflected in your main topic. For a more precise essay, your topic and your main statement should be narrow enough. Keep in mind that an argumentative write-up is almost unending and writing on something unending would seem an uncertain pursuit and even an overwhelming drudgery for you. For example, in writing about death sentence, you may decide to limit yourself just to the humane part or religious part of it. Sometimes it is necessary to pick out just one aspect of the whole topic and argue about it, rather than including a whole lot of points and just surfacing on them.

You will have to generate evidence to back your points. Any argument without substantiations is worthless. Before you import evidence, you should make sure that your facts are accurate and straight to the point. Make sure that your facts are also real. Not everything will be included as evidence in your essay. However, substantiations should incorporate anything that makes obvious the accuracy of your position and the ideas you represent in your essay. These will include existing facts, figures, observations that you make from your daily experiences and even opinions from other experts. Remember that what you include as facts should be such that they can be authenticated by objective means.

Argumentative essay should be concluded by making a reassertion of your position. This position should be such that renewed arguments will prop up. Ahead of stating this, you should sum up all your evidence and remember that your evidence must pass the necessary tests. Your evidence should be truthful and straight to the point; it should be consistent with your facts; it should be up to date or even the most recent; it should be representative of what it intends to prove; it should not be oversimplified and it should be ample and sturdy enough to back your assertions and plead your case to the readers.

Tuesday, 19 May 2015

Essay Writing Tips - Guidelines for Beginners

Writing essays is probably one of the most difficult things that you need to do where you're in college. It's difficult because it requires careful planning, thorough research, lots of thinking, and ample preparations. Here are some guidelines to help you make the whole process a bit manageable.

Start early. The common problem with people who are writing essays is that they push the task to the last minute. As a result, they produce essay articles that do not make any sense. If you're writing to get into program or if you're writing to get good grades, this is not the best route to go. You'll most likely to produce high quality essays if you start early and if you manage your time properly. I suggest that you start right after you got you assigned topic.
Understand the assigned topic. Before you get started, make sure that you have a clear understanding of what you need to do. Does your professor want you to present arguments? Does he want you to research and just state the facts? Or maybe, he wants you to research the topic and talk about your opinions. Don't get started unless you're very sure about this. When in doubt, ask your professor for clarifications.
Do your research. Next step is to do thorough research. Read as many relevant resources as possible. You can use traditional books and the internet to get lots of information. While doing your research, make sure that you bookmark those pages that you find very important so you'll easily be able to find them later on.
Create an outline. This is the next thing that you need to do after researching your topics. Create a skeleton for your essays so you'll have something to guide you along the way. Start by listing down ideas for your introduction and thesis statement. Then, list down the questions that you would be answering on your article body. Also, write down the arguments that you're going to present and ideas for your conclusion.
Start writing your draft. Writing the first draft will be a lot easier once you have an outline. Simply elaborate all the points that you have mentioned there. Ensure that you tie up all your ideas as you present them on your content to make your essay sound coherent. Stick with your subject and avoid discussing information that are not really relevant. Also, breakdown your essay into several short paragraphs and sub headings to make them it easier to understand and scannable.
Proofread and improve your draft. Next step is to review your draft. While you're at it, you can include more information if you think there's a need for it. You can also eliminate data that are not really important in discussing your topic. Check your content for grammar, spelling, and other errors. Do this until you're 100% satisfied with your essay.
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Monday, 18 May 2015

Essay Writing Technique - 7 Simple Steps

"When I was young each fresh piece of serious work used to seem to me for a time -- perhaps a long time -- to be beyond my powers." Bertrand Russell -- "How I Write", The Writer, September 1954.

Writing essays, articles and research papers may sometimes seems to be beyond our powers. Surely, organization and persistence are the keys in the process of writing. In what follows, there are seven hints for writing an essay:

1. Separate the different parts of the process associated with the writing: research, inspiration, organizing ideas, writing, and editing.

2. Make a list (10-20 items). Simply jot down phrases, keywords, definitions, questions, images and whatever which relates to the topic (the main essay subject). And then gather in big themes the ideas that can be connected.

3. Build an essay structure (template): title, opening sentence, background, statement of scope, thesis statement (or the position statement), development of ideas (with at least three main points and secondary points), and conclusion (summary paragraph). All the supporting paragraphs of the main body must have a strong organization, namely: topic sentence, evidence, commentary, and concluding sentence. Essays have many purposes, but the basic structure is the same.

4. Work on the individual sections: write the main body first, then the introduction, the title and the conclusion. And expand these sections: use always concrete and clear examples to argue on your thesis.

5. Edit and wrap up the paragraphs. Observe the logical linkage between the paragraphs and use appropriate transitional phrases. Introductory words such as "In fact", "Equally import", "All things considered"... are an "additional plus" as they show a knowledge of the literary language. In a word, the essay must flow smoothly.

6. Check the cohesion or the sense of the development, verifying if the thesis statement is functioning as a unifying spark.

7. Revise for grammatical and writing flaws.

Marco Antônio Bomfoco is a professor at the Faculty of Technology SENAC in South Brazil. A Ph.D. from Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, and an M.A. from the same university, Marco is a long-time language enthusiast. His many interests include writing, general linguistics, anthropological linguistics, case theory and grammatical relations, history of linguistics, artificial languages, phenomenology, story telling, myth, and game theory.

Sunday, 17 May 2015

Essay Writing - How to Get Scholarships If You Have Trouble Writing

If you have a strong desire to go to college or university you shouldn't let anything stand in your way. Maybe you think that you're not a very good writer, and you think that this is holding you back from getting a higher education. Henry Ford said that if you think you can, or if you think you can't, you're right. Your belief that your writing is poor may be holding you back from even trying, or may be becoming a self-fulfilling prophecy by you behaving as if you are a bad writer.

First, you should take an objective look at your writing. Maybe it's not that you're a bad writer, but that you don't enjoy writing. Have someone you know look at your writing, and ask for their honest feedback. An even better way to assess your writing is to have an unbiased third-party look at your writing. Make sure that they have a background in writing, and you might even consider hiring an essay editing company to look over your work and tell you honestly how it ranks. These people won't worry about your feelings, and will be able to deliver the news without a sugar coating.

Once you get your feedback from others, take an inventory as to where you stand in regards to your writing. If it's true that you're not a very good writer at this state, that's OK. But you may be shocked to find that you're a good writer, but perhaps someone told you a long time ago that you're not. The thing with writing is that it's a skill. While it's true that some people are born with more natural ability, and writing comes easily for them, it doesn't mean that you can't learn to write better. Take this setback as an opportunity to learn a valuable skill. Writing is something that, unlike a subject like Algebra, you'll use every day. It can help you in many aspects of your life, and is worth the time invested in learning how to do it better.

The problem that occurs is that you need the essay written now, because scholarship deadlines are approaching and although you've resolved to become a better writer, you need to be able to fill out the applications and win the awards in order to go to college and learn to write better. In this case outsourcing is your friend. There are many places that will help you edit your essay so that it sounds good. Once you get the initial first draft of your essay finished, you can submit the draft and an essay editing company will make corrections to it. There are many companies that offer unlimited edits. Test out that feature and keep resubmitting it until it's perfect. Best of luck to you in your scholarship hunt!

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Saturday, 16 May 2015

Cause and Effect Essay Writing Tips

One feature that makes this difficult is that you will find it easier to establish the effects than the causes. What you are asked to compose this type of essay, you should take note that you will not be asked to set forth a perfect account with total certainty. You should also know that this is a type of writing in which attempting to bring out causes and effects will go a long way to educate not only the readers, but you will be equally gaining some knowledge.

Begin with a topic that has a disturbing fact or situation. This type of topic is one in which you will want to learn more from it and equally let your readers learn a lot from the topic. But make sure that the topic is such that your ideas will be limited to just the causes or effects or both. Also make sure that one of these two features will be highlighted more than the other. Your essay will be easy if you decide to write on something unpleasant that caused a certain and instant twist in your life, in the society or within your immediate surrounding. Remember that events in which you did experience should be best for such type of writing.

Once your topic is done, you should do some free-writing. Just write down the causes and effects on a draft. At the end of this activity, you should begin separating the instant causes from the remote causes. Remember that this will be the same for effects. One way to may your work easier is to come up with an outline in which you will have a separate list for effects and another separate list for causes. As you write down any effects, you should keep in mind that you will have to bring in evidence to support them. Make sure that your evidence is ample.

You should know the order in which your ideas will appear. Every cause or effects which you include in your essay should be something essential. This means that without that cause or effect, the incident should not have happened. Make sure that your effect should have a resounding impact. This means that without it, it will not be easy to understand the effects of what happened.

Cause and effect essay should be given enough revision and editing. If you are explaining causes, make sure that what you have written related to causes and they should be essential causes. Also make sure that you have provided evidence for all causes. If you are explaining effects, the reader should be able to make them out from causes. These effects must result only from the causes that you explain. Also, make sure that the reader should know that without these effects, your essay would be less than a cause and effect paper.

Friday, 15 May 2015

Essay Writing - Getting Started

There is nothing more disheartening than an essay topic and a blank page staring back at you. Every writer, whether a student, novelist, reporter, advertiser, professor, etc., knows the struggle to get started on their writing at some point in their writing career. This does not have to be overwhelming, however, if you start with a simple tool.

Before you begin the sentences that will become your essay or paper, start with a "Message Map." This process, known by a variety of names, is often forgotten, but is a valuable tool for writing. It works very simply, and it also allows you to get words on that blank paper pretty quickly. The benefit to that is that once you begin writing, the brain begins to engage, so the process actually promotes thought.

Here's how it works. In the center of that blank page, draw a circle and put your topic or essay prompt. Quickly, without giving it much thought, draw lines from that center circle outwards toward other circles and put words or phrases that come to mind when you read that essay prompt. They don't need to make sense or be well-planned at this point. Just write them down. Draw as many circles, as quickly as you can, with filled in phrases or words. Then, walk away for a minute or two. Get a drink of water, move around, etc., but give your brain a minute to refresh.

If you are doing this correctly, when you return to the blank paper, you will have only spent about five minutes total on this exercise, and you will return to a springboard of ideas from which to start your essay. The good news is that you will also have allowed your brain and subconscious mind to work on the essay prompts while you weren't even aware of it. Something in one of your first ring of circles will probably stand out as more interesting than the others. Repeat the circle process for that circle, as well as adding in any ideas that relate to other first-ring circles should they pop into your mind.

When complete, you should find that you have plenty of ideas and related prompts from which to begin your essay. Taking the second ring of circle ideas as they connect to the first one, you will begin to see patterns emerging. The ones that most interest you are the ones to write about. Those will be the points from which you will be able to make the most convincing arguments and propositions. You may even find that some of the other ideas on your paper will be worth saving for future writing, but there's a good chance that you will have come up with lots of creative ideas from which to convert that blank page into a well-planned, logical, and coherent essay.

You may have done this exercise while in grade school, but chances are you haven't used it in a long time. Some things learned in our youth really are worth repeating, especially when they lead to quick, effective use of time for such things as papers and timed essays.

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Thursday, 14 May 2015

Essay Writing Tips - How to Get More Done Fast

If you have just started college and have a job, you'll need some study tips so that you can learn how to get more done fast.

Students have a hard time these days. Not only do they have a heavy workload at college, they also have to balance their studies with one or more jobs just so that they can scratch by. Making the transition from school to college or university isn't always easy, as you will find it's u to you to get the work done. There is no more spoon-feeding by teachers and if you are away from home, no parents nagging you to do your homework.

It's a great experience to go to university and enjoy the freedom and social life, but it's also important to get the work done on time. So if you are feeling overwhelmed, how can you make sure you stay on top of your studies?

What Do I Have to Do?

The first thing to do is to make sure you know what is expected of you, for example, how many essays or other assignments will you have to hand in and when they are due.

What is the Standard?

You will also need to know the standard expected. A college essay is not the same as a high school essay and you need to be sure you know the difference. If you aren't sure - find out! Colleges all have study skills classes and handouts and if need help, it's important to get it right away. It's much better to spend a couple of hours learning how to get things right the first time than having to resubmit work when you have a pile of new assignments waiting.

How Should My Work Be Presented?

You will find that each different type of assignment has a pattern, a formula if you like. And once you've learned the formula, you have the framework for each corresponding piece of work. There is still plenty of room for creativity and originality without the formula, which is just a blueprint enabling you to set the work out correctly and make sure you have covered every aspect of the topic.

If your tutors don't explain how a report or essay should be written, ask to see examples. There should be some in the library or study skills centre or you can ask students who are ahead of you in the course. Be sure not to copy their work - examples are just to show you how it's done. Copying could get you kicked out.

Once you have the blueprint, write out a list of headings which will represent the sections of your assignment. Next, put each heading on a separate page and jot down your immediate thoughts about it. This will help you see exactly which areas you are already knowledgeable in and which need more work. Then decide how you will tackle each one and in which order. For example, some sections will require research in the library and others might involve interviewing an expert in the subject.

If you have any additional thoughts about one section or you come across new information when researching something else, make a note on the appropriate page.


Make sure you know which system your college uses for referencing and use it - even if you prefer a different method.

As you are reading and doing online research, always write down the full reference of any information you think you might quote. If you are working online, simply copy and paste. If you do this as you go, you will save a lot of time and frustration at the last minute.

If you take a systematic approach to your college assignments, you will get things done much more quickly and you'll be ready to write that essay quickly as soon as all the research is done.

Wednesday, 13 May 2015

Essay Writing - Points For Consideration

First choose the topic that you have knowledge about. The information that you have on the subject may not be enough, therefore, before getting down to writing, collect as much information you can through libraries and by online surfing.

Then decide whether you want to discuss on the topic or you want to make it informative or you want to analyze the subject and give your views on it. This is essential as this would only create the impression that you want to. Convincing a reader to believe what you have written is necessary. Otherwise it is useless investing your time in writing.

Plan the outline properly. First focus the attention on how you are going to start the topic. The starting must be such that the reader is forced to read what you have written ahead. Then set in your mind all the points that you will discuss in the essay and those must be done one by one. Every single issue must be discussed in a different and short paragraph. At the end when you are about the end the article write in short what all you have said in the essay from beginning to the end. It means that the last paragraph must be like the summary of the essay.

Other important points that you must consider when you are writing an essay is that if you want to make it attractive then begin with asking questions to the reader. This will put the reader's mind into action to think about what is he is reading on. This is an easy way to attract the readers.

Always discuss the most important point in the starting and then step by step move to the point that is of least importance. This means that you have to organize all the points before writing them. Each and every paragraph where you discuss any point must force the reader to stay linked to the essay. The impression of the sentences written by you must be such that the reader must be convinced in a manner that he is forced to take an action as per the opinions suggested by you.

And last but not the least the essay must be written in a fluent pattern in simple English language that can be understood by all the readers. The essay must be thoroughly checked for grammatical and spelling errors before the writer is submitting them. To improve on writing essays one must keep practicing by writing regularly and reading the essays written by other writers. This would help generate new ideas and also will make you think on the points which the other writer has made flaws in, so that, you do not make them.

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Tuesday, 12 May 2015

The Basics of English Essay Writing

When asked to compose this type of essay, you should know that the main aim of your paper will be to bring out what you have for English language skills. A lot of such essays will be required in situations in which a transition into another career is feasible. For example, it will be required that you write this type of essay if you are submitting your application for a job.

There are so many topics that will be given for such a paper. In a good number of cases, just any type of topic will be given to you. In most cases, the topic will be descriptive, analytic or evaluative. This means that you may either know what is required by the topic or you may not. But there should be no problem if you fail to know the requirements of the topic. This is because the fine ideas will not count much. What will be needed from you is a mastery of the English language and keep in mind that this can still be possible without you knowing everything about the topic.

This is an English paper in which much will not be required from you. Remember that you are writing an essay and not a term paper. Therefore, you should not forget to start writing with an outline. You need to know what you are writing about and you need to have what it takes to lead your writing to success. These can only be possible if you use an outline in composing your paper. Remember that in an attempt to be very careful about what you write about, you may have to make errors or the course of your writing may change. With the outline, it will be easier for you to go back to your original course.

One requirement for writing an English script is to make your English as simple as possible. You should always write with your readers in mind. Remember that writing in English is not all about writing verbose or superfluous language. There has never been a case where the use of the simplest language has never been lauded. Take note about this because the type of language you use may be taken to note a first impression about you. This is especially in cases in which you are making an application for a job or for admission to college.

English essay writers should also know that when writing the English paper, the paper should be a replication of the English language. Therefore, take time to revise, edit and proofread your paper. Remember that the merits of your paper will be judged on their face value. Nothing will be implied like in other subjects. Your sentences should be short and precise, your grammar should be perfect, and your paragraphs should be linked together by appropriate transitioN.

Monday, 11 May 2015

Best Practices for Student Essay Writing

The art of writing a polished essay requires extreme attention to detail. Some students possess an innate talent for writing a compelling paper, while others require a more stringent methodology to achieve the same results. While natural writing abilities can vary from student to student, a solid writing process can improve most results. Many of the standard writing practices utilized in the current education system have long roots hashed out many years ago. Proven methodology and new technologies can help the current generation of students achieve their full potential when writing an essay.

Every research paper has one key ingredient: the research. Even the most compelling, imaginative writer cannot out produce the substance at the heart of a well researched essay. Facts, figures and hard sources will always achieve better results than smoke and mirrors. In the old days, research required an absolute commitment to lengthy library sessions and a highly developed understanding of the Dewey Decimal system. Fortunately for today's students, the internet provides instant access to an unlimited wealth of resources at the click of a mouse. This paradigm shift has generally resulted in more sources per a paper with each source having more specific information.

During the research phase a student will generally develop a thesis or specific argument for a paper. The thesis is the guiding force for the entire document. A well formed thesis should grow out of a broad research phase and guide the more specific research activities required to gather supporting sources for the thesis. Forming a thesis can be a difficult process and many writing classes will dedicate significant time to the concept and process of thesis creation. A thesis is the main creative sentiment in a paper. Despite modern technologies' contribution to the research phase, thesis creation remains solely in the hands of the writer.

The body or framework of a paper is intended to provide supporting points that make the thesis more convincing. These supporting paragraphs should include the most compelling information from the papers resources. The average student essay provides limited real estate to prove a point. With this knowledge in mind, the supporting paragraphs of a paper should be optimized to put forth the strongest facts first. A student needs to organize the sequence and focus of each supporting paragraph to form the strongest foundation possible to support their thesis. Once again, while research elements will help dictate the focus of a paper's supporting paragraphs, the creation of a paper's framework is still completely in the hands of the writer.

Once a paper is complete a standardized review process can make the difference between an average essay and a great essay. Incorporating obvious tools like computer aided spell check and grammar check are a first step. Once a rough draft is complete, the student needs to self examine the paper for flaws in the argument and unnecessary language. Generally the more succinct a paper the more compelling it is. After a read through, additional third party review sessions can greatly add to any insights about issues with clarity or argument. The review process can vary from class to class, but generally it will either include peer review with feedback or direct review by the educator.

Given the greater wealth of research resources and the emphasis for each student to perfect their personal writing methodology, new tools have become available to check for discrepancies in citation. The advent of digital sources has improved the discovery period of the research phase, but has also increased the likelihood of oversights in the citation process. More sources with a greater variety of specific subjects may result in certain language and ideas being accidentally presented without attribution. Fortunately, the modern writing process has evolved to incorporate new essay plagiarism checkers. These new software tools let a student scan their essay for citation issues and highlight the specific segments of a paper that might require additional sourcing.

Writing is a true art form. Beautiful language and flowing prose will intrinsically increase the readability of a paper. Presenting a compelling argument in an essay requires adhering to a stringent process and consistently checking and rewriting supporting arguments. Fortunately, the process of writing a thesis paper has been perfected over many years. With the proven methods of writing and the addition of new technology, the current generation of students is afforded a solid foundation to perfect their writing styles.

Sunday, 10 May 2015

Essay Writing - - Finishing the Discussion on Reasoning

In his essay "The Eureka Phenomenon," famous author Isaac Asimov employs a clever twist to his new view thesis---he presents it in stages.

After almost a page of discussion about going to action movies and involuntary breathing, Asimov summarizes what he's been saying with a formal new view thesis statement. He says that it's his feeling that it helps to relax, deliberately, by subjecting your mind to material complicated enough to occupy the voluntary faculty of thought, but superficial enough not to engage the deeper involuntary one, which will allow involuntary thought to bring out what we call "a flash of intuition."

Asimov then tells the Archimedes story to support that new view thesis. Immediately after that three-page story, however, Asimov states a second, broader version of his original new view thesis with the following---

I suspect that very few significant discoveries are made by the pure technique of voluntary thought; I suspect that voluntary thought may possibly prepare the ground (if even that), but that the final touch, the real inspiration, comes when thinking is under involuntary control.

That's Asimov's second stage or main new view thesis statement---he's saying that involuntary thought, with its flashes of intuition and insight, happens a lot in the broad field of science, not just every once in a while in ordinary, everyday life; and that it happens not just every once in a while in science, either, but "often" in science.
Let's look at each stage separately, breaking down the first new view into a short series of causes and effects:

CAUSE: deliberately relaxing the mind allows one to engage

EFFECT: automatic, involuntary thought

CAUSE: automatic, involuntary thought provides

EFFECT: a flash of intuition, of insight, of understanding how to solve a problem or what to do next

...................(this is the reverse of the unstated but commonly accepted old view that hard, stick-to-it, disciplined, worked-at thinking is what effective thinking is all about)

Now let's see how good a job Asimov does of fulfilling the rules of cause and effect to support this first stage of his new view thesis:

Sequence---first, no results with hard, worked-at thinking

.......................("stymied" whenever he wrote himself "into a hole")

.......................after seeing an action movie that relaxes his mind, he gets answers to problems

.......................("I knew exactly what... to do," what to write)

Present---when relaxed thinking is present, answers are always present

..................("It never failed.")

Absent---when relaxed thinking is absent, answers are always absent

.................(without seeing an action movie, "in utter panic" over flaw in dissertation)

That shows reasoning working well for the first stage of the new view thesis.

For the second stage of the new view thesis, let's look at the causes and effects:

CAUSE: in science, relaxed, involuntary thinking brings

EFFECT: the "flash of deep insight...the real inspiration" that makes scientific breakthroughs

..................(the reverse of the old view about how scientists work only with experiments and rigid, disciplined, meticulous, 'scientific' reasoning)

CAUSE: such insightful breakthroughs occurred many times in history

EFFECT: (speculation) so they must have happened often in science

From frequently occurring factual evidences, Asimov speculates that insightful breakthroughs must have happened often in science, but they simply weren't recorded. Seems likely, doesn't it?

And here's how Asimov uses the rules of cause and effect to support his second stage new view in his Kekule story and two other almost-story examples:

Sequence---first, no solutions or results with scientific thinking

.......................(Kekule is frustrated w/years of searching & no solution)

.......................(Watts: "Thought didn't help...")

.......................(Loewi: was puzzled and not making progress; went to sleep)

.......................after relaxing technique, get answers to science problems

.......................(Kekule sleeps, dreams, & gets benzene ring solution)

.......................(Watts: "...peaceful walk did [help his thinking]")

.......................(Loewi: "woke...with a perfectly clear notion")

Present---when relaxed thinking is present, answers are always present

...................(Kekule: relaxed dream of "atoms...forming a ring")

...................(Watts: "Thought didn't help; but a...peaceful walk did")

...................(Loewi: "woke...with a perfectly clear notion")

Absent---when relaxed thinking is absent, answers are always absent

.................(Kekule: "Nothing came to him!")

.................(Watts: "Thought didn't help...")

.................(Loewi: was puzzled, not making progress with usual methods)

Asimov successfully uses the story of Kekule, the chemist, and four examples of almost-stories---Watson, Watt, Hamilton, Loewi---to fulfill the Present and Absent rules of cause and effect. Through the first story and the other examples of almost-stories, he supports his second new view thesis of relaxed, involuntary thinking being used often by scientists to make scientific breakthroughs.

Now let's take a look at how Carl Sagan supports the reasoning in his essay, "The Abstraction of Beasts." The major cause-and-effect relationships in this essay are:

CAUSE: chimps are taught and use Ameslan

EFFECT: chimps do abstract and are intelligent, much like humans

..................(this reverses the old view that "beasts abstract not")

CAUSE: chimps are intelligent & like humans in many ways

EFFECT: chimps deserve to be treated humanely, just like humans

..................(this follows from chimps being so much like humans)

CAUSE: (speculates) if chimps could or were able to continue in using the Ameslan or other sign languages for thousands of years, as humans have done

EFFECT: (speculates) chimps would probably become even more like humans in showing the same high mental functions that humans have

Given the information Sagan has supplied, those speculative second and third effects (or conclusions) don't seem all that farfetched, though I'd like a bit more information before I commit to agreeing fully with them. What do you think?

Finally, let's see how well Sagan uses the rules of cause and effect to support his new view:

Sequence---first, no abstractions observed being made by chimps

.......................(with 3 years training, chimp could say only 3 words)

.......................afterAmeslan training, abstractions observed often in chimps

.......................(remarkably inventive," making new words/phrases)

Present---when Ameslan is present, abstractions are always present

..................(Examples: You green shit; Funny, funny; Lucy tickle Roger; chimpanzees and other

..................non-human primates are being taught other gestural languages, as well as a computer language

..................called Yerkish, so abstractions and reasoning are continuing with chimps and other primates)

Absent---when Ameslan is absent, abstractions are always absent

.................(no abstractions observed with chimps before the Gardners taught Ameslan to them)

When used improperly in essays, these tools for ensuring solid reasoning can hinder rather than help. Students should first make sure they've got a new view thesis, then write out their whole essay non-stop, and then revise and rewrite using these tools and rules.

Like the very famous author, James Michener, we may all admit that we are the world's worst writers, but we can lay valid claim, as he did, to being among the world's best re-writers as we master these writing tools for ensuring valid reasoning in our writing.

This article was written by Bill Drew, a writing expert who specializes in teaching writing and analysis of writing, both theoretically and in practice, especially essays, thesis writing, and topic sentences -- with special emphasis in teaching writing about literature, as well as writing advertising and other business writing.

He is the author of The Secret DNA of Writing Essays-And Everything Else and The Secret DNA of Analyzing Short Stories.

His NewView methods are being successfully taught in elementary, middle school, and high school classes.

Upcoming books planned by Drew include The Secret DNA of Topic Sentences That Entice Readers, The Secret DNA of Writing Advertising, The Secret DNA of Analyzing Novels, The Secret DNA of School Writing, with Lesson Plans, The Secret DNA of Shakespeare's Plays, The Secret DNA of Communication, The Secret DNA of Hemingway's Writing, The Secret DNA of Introductions and Conclusions, The Secret DNA of Paragraph Development, and many more to come in the Secret DNA series.

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Saturday, 9 May 2015

James Bond's Essay Writing Secrets For Pop Quizzes

The announcement, "Today I have a little quiz for you," has to rank amongst the "Top Five Most Terrifying Moments" in an academic career. When your professor springs a "pop quiz," usually he'll instruct you to write essays answering two out of three questions. Will you be prepared? It might be useful to think about how 007 (James Bond) would deal with this situation. Bond trivia fans know that he was kicked out of Eton for repeated curfew violations and "trouble with one of the maids"*, yet went on to attend Fettes College and the London School of Economics. Since he obviously remained enthralled with women, he must have discovered some tricks to studying with maximum efficiency in the least amount of time. What were James Bond's secrets for always being prepared to write essays for a pop quiz, without working very hard? I have some theories.

The rationale for pop quizzes is to help professors ascertain whether or not students are keeping up with their reading assignments. Some professors seem to take perverse pleasure in giving pop quizzes; others couldn't be bothered, assuming that students are mature enough to adhere to the reading schedule. Each semester, different professors may teach a particular course on different days of the week. During an "online enrollment period," students can choose which class to attend on a "first come; first served" basis. James Bond would determine in advance which professors were prone to giving pop quizzes and try to avoid them. The vast majority of his classmates would not have the foresight to take that precaution.

Devising a plan for online enrollment in next semester's classes is an absolutely critical academic survival skill. Students should know the date and exact time (usually 7AM) online enrollment begins. They need to know their enrollment password. They need to investigate the reputations of professors conducting each class. Students usually benefit when attending classes taught by dynamic professors who are never boring. 11AM classes meeting on Tuesday & Thursday fill up quickly. Students who dawdle may discover that the only classes left meet at 8AM Monday-Wednesday-Friday. 8AM classes are death. Set your alarm early and be prepared to log in at 7AM sharp!

Not even James Bond can avoid classes taught by "pop quiz" professors every time. What would be his next line of defense? What do you suppose would be his cardinal rule for achieving academic success?

"Always complete each reading assignment before the next class?"


Answer: "Always go to class."

One reason for attending class is that since you paid the tuition, you might as well get your money's worth. True, but the most important reason is this: you need to be in class to find out which information the professor deems important in the reading material. When a single textbook costs $150, it must contain a substantial amount of "filler" to justify such an outrageous price! Bond would want to discover which sections the professor emphasizes in his comments. This provides insight as to what questions might appear on a pop quiz or on the final exam. James Bond not only would go to class, but also he'd sit in the front row and participate actively in class discussions. He knows A) this will make mastering the material easier; B) it will help him identify those concepts most important to his professor; C) it will ensure that the professor remembers his name; and D) he'll gain a distinctive advantage over students who often skip the class.

Does this imply that James Bond would seldom complete his required reading? Well, not exactly. However, he'd probably take a few "shortcuts." Here's one: most textbooks contain a "Summary" at the beginning of each chapter, which can be read in less than 2 minutes. Even if Bond has a "hot date" the night before the next class, he'll exercise a bit of self-discipline. He'll always read the summary and skim the text briefly before going out on the town. He'll devote an extra 60 seconds to considering how the material might relate to the professor's favorite themes. Finally, he'll pick out the dates of two events linked to those themes. That may not sound like much, but in just a few minutes, James Bond has given himself a fighting chance of getting a passing grade on a surprise quiz.

There is no pop quiz at the next class. However, Bond's date had been so marvelous that he's arranged to meet her again at 7pm. He won't have time to read the chapter thoroughly. Nevertheless, he has the discipline to spend 15 minutes performing the following task: referring to notes taken during class, James uses a yellow marker to highlight sections of the text dealing with points his professor identified as "significant," while at the same time, ignoring others. The chapter now looks like Swiss cheese.

When class meets again, there's a test. Students must write short essays, answering two out of three questions. One question covers a topic James failed to highlight, but the other two questions concern material he reviewed briefly. Because he attended every class, James Bond knows the responses the professor expects. He answers the questions in the first sentence of each essay. Then he lists reasons to support his position. He hasn't read the material, so Bond states conceptual reasons. Lest his essays seem like pure B.S., Bond cites the two dates and events he memorized to provide factual detail. In his last sentence, he paraphrases his first sentence as a conclusion.

The professor decides that Bond answered the questions "correctly." He articulated important concepts rather vaguely, but did include some detail. While he offered no great insights, Bond presented his ideas systematically, making his essays easy to read. Since Bond always came to class, sat up front, and participated in class discussions, the professor gives Bond the benefit of the doubt and awards him a B on his essays. That's not bad for a guy who hadn't done his homework.

The point of this hypothetical story is to suggest students should emulate James Bond's judicious application of self-discipline at just the right moment on a daily basis. A main challenge students face when entering college is learning how to balance their social lives with their academic responsibilities. Many take an "all-or-nothing" approach. "I can't do any reading tonight because I'm going out with Sue." James Bond might reply, "It won't hurt Sue to wait 15 minutes." He's right. Even a few minutes of review before going on that date could make a surprising difference. Everyone can spare a few minutes. James Bond's secret is that he recognizes those times when a few minutes of effort will produce maximum results.

Michael Strong created the ColorCode System to teach his daughters afflicted with A.D.D. how to write an essay. By demonstrating visually the format of a properly structured essay, the ColorCode System enabled his daughters to grasp this important concept in less than 30 minutes. The pattern of the colors helped them think logically and organize their ideas. They used those ideas to write an outline essay, which became the first paragraph. By following the format illustrated in the color-coded sample essay, they learned how to present their ideas systematically for every essay assignment, regardless of topic. They began writing good essays and getting better grades. Both daughters gained admission to their "first choice" college. You can learn more about the ColorCode System at

Michael Strong earned a Master of Arts in Teaching from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. During the '60s, he served as a Page Boy in the British Merchant Marine, a Private 1st Class in the US Marine Corps and a Midshipman at the US Naval Academy. During the '70s, he taught school; opened Town Hall - the legendary Chapel Hill nightclub; managed Brice Street Band and ran the UNC Campus Mail Service. From 1983 until he retired in April 2009, he worked as a stockbroker and a Certified Financial Planner. He and his wife Nancy have been married 38 years and live on 12 wooded acres 5 miles south of Chapel Hill NC.

Friday, 8 May 2015

Sample Essay Writing - What Must Be Considered

You may be looking at it or you may be required to write on it.

This is a particular type of writing essay that is often put for view by online research and writing services. As a student, you should not only consider looking at classification essay, you should also consider writing a sample essay that can be viewed as a sample paper by other students.

In most cases, students will turn to these essays because of the factor of time. Most students will keep research and writing till the last minutes before actually beginning the write-up. One of the most important aspects in any academic writing is the issue of time. In everything you do in academia, it is always necessary to make use of an outline. The outline guides you as you write from start to finish. The outline is there to ensure that you start and finish on time. Writing without an outline is what makes you get caught up by deadlines.

When an online research and writing service offers a sample paper for view, it is asking you to consider its services in writing your essay. There is nothing wrong if you rely on it, but make sure you consider the issue of plagiarism seriously. Your essay is supposed to be something ingenious. Fortunately, there are anti-plagiarism tools over that internet that you can use to check for the authenticity of what has been written for you and to also check the references linked to your reflective essay.

Sarah Brodie supports Free Essay Writing Help and free sample essays.

Thursday, 7 May 2015

Tips for Scholarship Essay Writing

Scholarships that require essays offer you the opportunity to stand out from the pack and make an impact on the reader. If an essay is ever optional, always, always include it! By choosing to ignore a request for an essay, it shows the application-committee or reviewer you really did not want to put the work in. You are writing this essay for money; it's worth the time and effort you put into it. (It is unwise to write one essay and copy/paste it for all the scholarships you are applying for.)

The essay section of a scholarship is your only chance to distinguish yourself from the rest of the applicants. You may be just as qualified, or perhaps even less qualified, than others, so this is your time to shine and let them know why YOU deserve this scholarships.

What will distinguish yours from all the others? Perhaps you deserve this scholarship, but other students probably do too. What makes you different from the masses? Put some time into thinking about what you're going to write and always have someone else read it. A second opinion, third, or even fourth will likely bring you plenty of valuable feedback. Ask your teachers, coaches, managers at work, your friends. The more feedback you can get, the better off you are.

The purpose of the essay, for the reviewers, is to learn about you. Your words reveal something about your personality and plans for the future, and a chance to get an in-depth look at the topic at hand. Clear writing ability and creativity do not go unnoticed in your essays.

Before you begin writing
Create an outline of your paper. Regardless of the order in which you write each section, you should know prior to writing what topic or main points you should cover in each part of your paper. Basic outlines have an introduction, body, and conclusion.

Typically it is a good idea to use some sort of "attention getting" aspect; make the reader want to continue reading. Do not begin every sentence with "I" or "my". Although this essay may be about you, it sounds redundant. Add some variety and spice by changing your language and sentence structure. For example: I am a senior in high school and I am going to college XYW after I graduate. I have participated in many great activities during the last four years. I think I deserve this scholarship because ..." The repetition within those sentences is boring and will not engage the reader.

The body of the essay should support the main topic of the essay; make sure to give examples and explain why you are qualified. Avoid repeating yourself using the same language. Personal and specific examples create a story that may draw in the reader and create a memorable impression. Using generalities is not convincing; they may be applied to most people and do not create a unique impression of you.

To conclude your essay, restate your main point, although do not use the same language word for word. Using a future-tense may be appropriate. If you choose to use a quote or a poem in your essay, choose wisely and be selective; it may be perceived as cliché or unoriginal, or even inapplicable.

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Wednesday, 6 May 2015

Essay Writing - A Brief History and a Brief Look

An Incredibly Concise History Concerning the Short Essay

A Frenchman, Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592), became the first to refer to his act of writing as being 'essays'. He defined these types of writing as 'attempts' to set his thoughts directly into creating, and that the essays evolved from his commonplacing i.e. Commonplace books (or commonplaces) - these were somewhere to compile an understanding of the actual written word, ultimately by means of composing within books. This kind of producing essays began to gain in importance at the beginning of Modern Europe.

'Commonplace' is in fact a translation from the Latin phrase 'locus communis', which implies a type or perhaps style regarding use of information, much like a statement of knowledge.

Essays Today

Through private English tutors to one to one tutoring Sociologists, producing essays is a frequent part of academic exercises within educational institutions around the world. Within international locations like the United States and The United kingdom essays, at the present time, are a main concern of the learning structure; essays are considered necessary within the syllabi.

Secondary students will be trained in structured essay formats to maximize their particular writing expertise; as well as that, admission essays are usually used by universites and colleges when selecting candidates. Within the humanities and social sciences they are comprehensively used as an approach to examining the capabilities of scholars.

Additionally, it can be stated that essays are typically made use of in an effort to evaluate the actual competence and additionally, reasoning behind information given by candidates. It is often stipulated that there are a selection of learners who actually tend to be very concerned about composing essays and this number is rising noticeably. Having said that, this is scarcely unexpected when thinking about the sizeable importance that is placed on success inside the education and learning programme in modern society. Interestingly, although some scholars assume that essays generally need to feature big words and phrases (!), it is observable that essays do play a role inside the broader arena of knowledge of many of those students i.e. essays happen to be implemented to provide a core element of the diet of countless widespread magazines that they read.

Regarding this article, I will take a look at shorter pieces of authoring which will routinely need a pupil to develop expertise of close reading through: investigation, assessment, persuasion, conciseness, understanding and also exposition. These are:

i. The principle kinds of essay which are, typically, meant for pupils up to the age 16 and would be assigned Forty five minutes - 1 hour to accomplish in test circumstances. Inside U.K. this is the actual taking of GCSE qualifications upon exiting school.

ii. Essays that happens to be typically attempted at high school, that need previous preparation and additionally creativity, are repeatedly given as homework.

Varieties of Essays

The most common types of essays with regards to the up to Sixteen year olds are typically:

i. 'Pros and Cons' - Convincing essays usually are written so that they will encourage readers to respond or view challenges from a certain viewpoint. They are often on contentious subject matter that includes subjects such as: abortion, euthanasia and corporal punishment.

ii. Character - Explore a person, possibly a grandparent or even a companion. A detailed examination of the bodily traits, encounters, characteristics, etc. will need be expressed.

iii. Personal Experience - Experiences such as the journey of a life time or perhaps occasions that have had an intense effect on the student.

iv. Expository - Showing just how something operates. The primary reason for the expository composition is usually described, so that they can acquaint their readers with a certain method that the reader would then fully understand and be able to employ.

v. Imaginary - An account which includes an adventure, e.g. 'Journey into the Cave' or 'Above the Earth'

Essays relating to content that include religion and politics are not be normally presented at this time.


Essays are, by their very character, brief and lucid. One good way for the learner to learn, would be to discover more essays in a specified area and after that produce their own. Efficiently creating the material of the article to be penned, should be carried out carefully in order to develop a powerful procedure for well-organised essays.

As any one to one home English teacher or a private Sociology tutor definitely will counsel, typically the skeleton of each essay is exceedingly straightforward:

i. A brief, nevertheless clear and incisive introduction

ii. An in-depth body that fulfils the guarantees stated in the opening

iii. A tight finish that will wrap up the article but will also render the reader looking for more...

The only thing that is needed then, would be to place flesh over the skeleton! Simple and easy actually...

Tuesday, 5 May 2015

Essay Writing Tips - Creating a Compelling Introduction

When it comes to writing essays, many would argue that the introduction is the key to whether your essay is a success or failure. The introduction should serve to inform, inspire and potentially educate the reader, but this is only possible if the introduction is written in such a way that it can be deemed compelling. How you achieve this will obviously depend to some extent on the subject matter but there are some key points to consider, no matter what the subject, which could help you to achieve the compelling introduction to open your essay.

Firstly, remember that your introduction doesn't need to be, and indeed shouldn't be too lengthy. Using excess words or developing topics or themes too thoroughly at this stage will leave you struggling to write original content later on in your essay, when the arguments need to be powerful and thought provoking. If you explain all your theories and ideas in the first paragraph the reader will have no reason to read on. Furthermore, succinct writing, especially in the introduction allows for a clear background to your essay to be established.

Background information is essential for any sound essay, and the introduction is the point at which this information should be entered. Providing a background to your question, hypothesis and research will allow your essay to be set in context, making it a far more compelling read.

Once you have laid out the background, you should then briefly mention the key points of your essay, consider what you are trying to prove or disprove. If your argument is countered or supported by other research, state how your work will differ or show similarities to these schools of thought.

Having informed the reader about the background, and stated your key arguments you can then go on to explain exactly how your essay will be developed in terms of research techniques, literature reviews, experiments, and analysis. Again, be sure not to reveal all of the secrets of your essay in your introduction, just enough to inform, enlighten and encourage the reader to want to find out more.

Remember that if you're trying to get someone to want to read your work, it helps if you actually want to write it in the first place; therefore before you start any writing, make sure your essay is dealing with a topic that interests you. This will then come across in your writing and will help to make not only a compelling introduction but a compelling essay in its entirety

Monday, 4 May 2015

Personal Essay Writing: Ten Great Topics

The great scholars of writing process have reminded us from time to time that we read and write to validate who we are, what we have become and what we can be. Today their writing continues to awaken us to the common thread that ties us all together in an archetypal way. No matter where we are in the world and what we have experienced, the quality of being human, with its collective, parallel human mythology, binds us and allows us to understand each other's joy and suffering. This ability to connect may be one of the most important reasons for reading and writing personal essays, often referred to as personal narratives and memoirs.

Writers who produce short memoirs, little snippets of their remembered experiences, reflect on the events of their past, securing the images and emotions that accompany them. In writing about their lives, the experiences surrounding people, places, and events of importance to students, three categories can offer a number of interesting paths to explore:

· A discovery of a person, place, idea, or problem that has affected you or someone else

· An awareness of a person, place, or event of significance and the whole range of possible emotions associated with it

· A decision you or someone close to you had to make and the accompanying issues and details

In writing a personal essay, narrative, or memoir, writers should try to present themselves to the reader in such a way that they disclose something significant about themselves as well as the events or people in their lives that they are trying to portray. This technique, often called the writer's voice, establishes a personality that emerges from the page with every clue. When the reader finishes the essay, she has enough information to draw conclusions about how the writer thinks and feels. The secret to success is writing the essay while maintaining a balance between creating a dominant impression and not sharing too much.

So how do you, the writer, accomplish this balance? To start with, you can give the reader an experience with which he can connect. The subject, usually a remembered event or person that is disclosed through writing, reveals not only the writer's experiences but also the attitude of the writer to the experience, her tone, measured out by diction and description. Figurative language, imagery, details, and anecdotes-all the tools of choice you have gained as a writer and literary critic-are the resources you need to make the reader see what you see in your mind's eye as you write.

Three main parts comprise the organization of the personal essay: introduction, elaboration and focus on the person or incident, and the conclusion. Writing a personal essay can be enabling for all of us. Even though the process offers slightly different rewards for reader and writer, the outcome of the personal essay allows us both to see ourselves through the common human experiences of others. We look for wisdom from that great champion of writing Donald Murray, who says, "We write to explore the constellations and galaxies that lie within us, waiting to be mapped with our own words." Writing about ourselves can sometimes turn us into intrepid explorers.

Ten Suggestions for Writing Personal Essays

1. Hubris: an experience that involved excessive pride in you or someone you know

2. An event that made you see your culture differently and led to a paradigm shift

3. An observation or experience in nature that explains your philosophy of life

4. A Latin saying that proves true today for you or life in general, e.g., "Mater atrium necessitas"-Necessity is the mother of invention

5. Antithesis: opposites in your own experience that seem to point to a truth about life.

6. Metaphor, oxymoron, hyperbole: how do these examples of figurative language remind you of people, places, or things in your experience?

7. A confidence you want to share with the reader

8. Humor and wit about a subject expressed ironically or whimsically or even in a self-deprecating way that is light, not so heavy that the humor becomes dark

9. A graceful, poignant look at a serious topic about which you know something personally

10. A real-life legend, or perhaps someone heading in that direction: one whose actions seem to make the world a better place, or at least a more interesting place

In the complex labyrinths of our minds and lives, we look for solutions that will clarify and explain our existence. Thus writing, in an archetypal way, is like Ariadne's thread that Theseus follows as he not only finds his own way out of the great labyrinth of the Minotaur but leads others out as well.

For more information about writing personal essays, examine the following sources:
Murray, Donald. Learning by Teaching. Portsmouth: Boynton, 1982.
O'Connor, Susan. Dance of Language. Bloomington, IN: Authorhouse, 2008,

Sunday, 3 May 2015

Essay Writing - Defeat Your Fear

A lot of students find that writing an essay is challenging to them, while other students find it very difficult. It depends on the student's personality, but what is known by all students with different personality, that writing an essay has a real important role in their academic life either in high school or in college. It's a method that let you win, or may be lose, marks in your high school. It also may decide whether you will be accepted in a college admission process or not.

The goal of this article is to help you to overcome your fear. The methodology followed in doing that is to let you know the common mistakes and errors that students do while writing an essay. So in case you succeed in avoiding the following mistakes, your essay will be very good to a big extent.

Plagiarism: It's considered the most common mistake that students do. NEVER copy your colleagues work and NEVER underestimate yourself. Be yourself and be sure that you can do exactly what your colleagues do or even better. Take this essay as a real step to improve yourself, not only to pass the test.

Lack of Structure: Handle your essay layout well, follow the instructions your professor/teacher tells you about.

Lengthy bodies: Go directly to the core of your essay and don't move around it. Be precise and specific, professors/teachers or admission officers have thousands of essays to read.

Grammatical mistakes and Spelling errors: You could avoid this by revising and proofreading your essay after finishing it, make a first draft and don't submit your essay once you have finished it. If possible let another eye, may be a friend or a family member, reads your essay and gives you a feedback.

Procrastination: A lot of students wait until before the deadline to start doing their assignment, this consequently result in a poor writing quality. Take your time and start preparing for your essay whenever you know that you have an assignment to do.

Ignore formatting your essay: Give enough care to format your essay properly after finishing it. The way your essay layout looks like will affect the impression of your professor/teacher. It reflects whether you are paying attention for details or not.

Repetition: Avoid repeating the same idea in more than one paragraph. Enrich your essay with different ideas and various supporting evidences.
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Article Source: http://Ezin

Saturday, 2 May 2015

Admissions Essay Writing Tips: Top 3 Mistakes To Avoid At All Costs!

Putting yourself in the shoes of a college admissions committee member may seem like a laughable bit of advice when writing your admissions essay. But if many more students performed this very exercise when critically reviewing their admissions essays, they would walk away with much more confidence that their writing would stand head and shoulders above the rest of their competition. There are some common, completely avoidable mistakes that people make in writing personal statements (admissions essays by another name, and other schools call them the statement of purpose) that keep them out of their college or program of choice.

1. Too many spelling and grammar errors

Imagine reading through an essay - in a stack of hundreds of other applicants - where every other sentence had some glaring typo, spelling mistake, or just plain-out grammatically made no sense whatsoever. It is hard to understand the point that you're trying to get across when your writing is difficult to read. And yet, this is an easy fix - run spellcheck, review your essay time and time again with a fine-toothed comb, or get a trusted friend or advisor to review your sample. Readibility is essential to passing "go" with the admissions committee.

2. Forgetting to change the name

Yes, you're probably up to your ears in applying for different schools and programs. If you have a list of four or five essays to get done, you're probably using a similar format for each. Did you check to make sure the correct name of the program is included in your essay? This is a major big "oops" that many applicants make. From the perspective of the admissions committee, it shows lack of care and attention to detail. No one wants to admit a students who did little more than submit a "generic" essay to every program on their list.

3. Answer the question

This may sound really obvious, but really it's not. You were given an essay prompt or a series of questions to answer for a reason - the committee wants to hear your thoughtful responses. Failing to follow these basic instructions does not look good to the eyes of the admissions committee. It could signal several things: Again, this may be a generic "cookie cutter" essay submitted to multiple schools, which is BIG no-no! Your critical thinking skills to actually answer the question are somehow lacking - and seriously you don't want to give off that impression. Or if can even give the impression that you're not a careful, diligent student. Beating around the bush and "kind of" answering the questions doesn't go very far with the admissions committee.

Your admissions essay is your time to shine and really set yourself apart from other applicants with similar grades, class standing, and standardized test scores. Far too many of these common mistakes are more the result of procrastination and waiting until the last minute to write your essay. You're bound to make easily avoidable mistakes when you're up against a deadline and pressed for time. Following these tips will help you write an awesome admissions essay that gets results - acceptance letters to your top university of choice in the mail!

Your personal statement is your chance to speak for yourself and tell the committee WHY you're their top applicant. So what if you're not the best writer - personal statement writing help is here at your fingertips! Please visit our site for more information on personal statements, reviews on GRE test preparation books, and more tips and strategies on how to get into grad school!